Main types of real properties in Bulgaria

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Main types of real properties in Bulgaria
Flats in apartment complexes. The complexes are built according to the principle of residential district development, and can include one or more buildings with 10 and more flats in each building. Such complexes normally have a swimming pool, a restaurant, security, year-round maintenance, and a car park. They are mostly located in the resorts and holiday areas. The flat complexes offer various types of flats depending on the number of rooms and their area.

The studio flat
 suggests the availability of a single large multipurpose room. The plan of this type of flats usually includes an entryway, bathroom with toilet and open-plan kitchen area, combined in a single open-plan living area. The kitchen area is often separated through different interior elements – bar top or is elevated higher than the remaining part of the floor. One of the obvious advantages of the studio flat is its compact, but at the same time maximum utilised area. Normally the area of this type of studio is from 25 to 40 m2.


The one-bedroom flat 
comprises an open-plan kitchen-living room (the kitchen is usually separated with a bar top or is differentiated as a dining corner) and a smaller room – a separate bedroom, and also a corridor, a bathroom and a terrace. The area of this type of flats is in the range from 40 to 60 m2.

The two-bedroom flat
 comprises an open-plan kitchen-living room and two separate bedrooms. It also has a bathroom, a corridor, and a terrace (sometimes two). The area of this type of flats exceeds 65 m2.

 – a multi-level flat, located on two or three floors of the building, in which the different levels are connected through a staircase. Very often maisonettes are offered with large terraces, French windows, and sometimes have a sloping ceiling. Normally, the first level comprises a living room with a kitchen, and the upper levels accommodate the bedrooms.
Mansard flat (penthouse) – a luxurious flat located on the last floor of the building, with panoramic view of the sea, mountain or the city. These are mostly flats on two levels with interior stairs to the upper floor, a terrace and one or two rooms on the upper level.

Also popular in Bulgaria are the townhouse-type houses, combining the advantages of the flat and the comfort of the self-contained house. These houses comprise complexes of comfortable semi-detached low-rise residential buildings. Each house has its own entrance, and sometimes a garage and a small garde

Private houses
 in Bulgaria are usually located on a plot with area of about 400-1,000 m2. The house most often consists of a basement (sub-basement and two or three above-ground floors. The residential area is over 120 m2. The house may have a pantry, several bathrooms, a garage, agricultural buildings, etc. As a rule, private houses are located in villages several kilometres from the seaside and the big cities.
Villas in villa resorts – they are extra-urban residential complexes, comprising a house and a plot. Distinctive features: fenced and guarded territory, integrated infrastructure and constantly provided own maintenance. By rule, they are located in villa resorts near cities or resorts.


The type of real property you choose is up to you, depending on your needs and the purpose of use.
In addition, the future owners must also be familiar with the specifics of calculating the area of the rooms in newly constructed buildings in Bulgaria. The outside perimeter of the flat (including the interior walls, ancillary rooms and the balcony) – this is the net area of the flat (A1). The common parts of the entire building: communal entrances, stairwells and open areas, lofts, lobbies, façade walls, and corridors are distributed pro rata to the number of the rooms – the part attributable to every flat on average is in the amount from 8% to 20% of the flat area and is called undivided share in the common area (A2). The sum of A1+A2=S gives the total area of the flat (S), based on which the value (the price) of the property is calculated. So, when choosing a flat, you should consider this factor.
If you need advice about the type of real property you should choose, or if you wish to understand what is the size of the common areas of the property you are interested in, and the net area of the flat you have chosen, please refer to our specialists!
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